Tuesday, June 22, 2010

The Life and Times of George Washington Ward, 14th KY Infantry

George Washington Ward was born on May 31, 1846, near Inez, Johnson, now Martin Co. KY. He was the son of Willis / Wells Ward and Lucinda Preston, a grand-daughter of Moses Preston.

When the Civil War began, George Washington Ward, despite his tender age of 15, bid his family good-bye, and went to Ohio, to work in a furnace near Hanging Rock, Lawrence Co. Ohio. Ward stated, "Being a Union boy in sentiment I could not live at home and went to Ohio and remained there until I was old enough to enlist. In the summer of 1863 I returned home and entered the US service."
He enrolled as private in Co. G, 14th KY on August 5, 1863 under the name Washington Ward and was mustered into the service on August 30, 1863 at Louisa, KY. He was 5' 9 1/2" tall, had red hair and blue eyes.

On July 1, 1864, near Atlanta, Ward contracted diarrhea, due to excessive hardships and exposures, and was subsquently treated in hospitals at Marietta, Georgia, Knoxville, Tennessee, and Louisville, Kentucky.

He was later transferred to the 14th KY Battalion, Co. D with the other 14th KY recruits and re-enlisted veterans. George Washington Ward was finally discharged from the service on September 15, 1865 at Louisville, KY. He returned home from the war in broken down physical condition, due to the chronic diarrhea he had contracted during the Atlanta Campaign in 1864. He remained at home for about six months, during which time he was cared for by Adam Crum, a childhood friend.

In spring of 1866, George Washington Ward moved to Burlington, Ohio, where he remained until 1867.
After a short visit at home, with additional chronic diarrhea attacks and attended once again by Adam Crum, he moved to Seymour, Indiana in 1868 where he lived until the spring of 1869, and then removed to Paoli, Kansas. Here he had contact with his former Captain of Company G, John C. Collins, who also resided in Paoli. After a year George Washington Ward moved to Wichita, Kansas but the "call of the West" was too strong for him. In 1873, he entered the town of Trinidad, Colorado, where he began working as a cook in one of the local hotels. During the same year, he met a German by the name of Charles Tamme who was to become Ward's life-long close friend.

Tamme was born in Braunschweig, or Brunswick, Germany, in 1844. As he was growing up he became interested in the American West. In 1865, he immigrated to the United States and after a brief stay in Pennsylvania as a store clerk, Tamme headed West where he pursued an adventurous life, which included three life-threatening attacks, once by a bear and twice by Indians, earning a living as a freighter and a farmer.

According to Tamme, Ward was thin and lank and looked very much like he had a consumption when they met in Trinidad in 1873. For the next ten years, between 1873 and 1883, both men usually roomed and boarded at the same places and both being single men and "Chums", as Tamme described it, he usually waited on his friend and took care of him whenever he had a severe attack of bowel trouble. According to New Mexico Governor Miguel A. Otero Jr., who made Tamme's acquaintance later in life, wrote of him that, "he was as gentle and kind as a woman and honest as the day is long."

Ward's chronic diarrhea did not seem to improve much and he continued to suffer from attacks every six to ten weeks. He was treated first by a Dr. Allen and later by Dr. Charles C. Gordon.

1878 saw the advent of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad. Both Ward and Tamme decided to follow the railroad from Trinidad to the Territory of New Mexico. They settled in East Las Vegas [later Las Vegas] in 1879 and lived at 334 Railroad Avenue by 1883. Soon the two men went into business together and opened the later popular "Monarch Billiard Hall".

The climate in New Mexico seemed to agree with Ward and his diarrhea attacks lessened to a degree. In 1881, Ward's former doctor, Charles C. Gordon, had moved from Trinidad to Las Vegas, ran into Ward and treated him once again for diarrhea, stating that it was "not as severe" as it had been in Colorado.
By 1885, Gordon was Surgeon-in-Chief of the Hospital near Las Vegas.

A second doctor who treated George Washington Ward was Myron W. Robbins, former surgeon of the 4th Iowa Infantry, who met Ward in 1880 and began treating him in 1882 for intestinal catarrh. According to Robbins, Ward suffered from two to four attacks per year, lasting from four to ten days. He stated that" Ward has to be at all times careful of his diet and exposure to cold to enjoy moderate degree of health."

Meanwhile, Ward and Tamme began pursuing another business venture. In 1882, the editor of the "Daily Optic", a local Las Vegas newspaper, published a challenge to the community, for someone to establish an opera house. Ward and Tamme felt up to the job and with the help of Tamme's friend James M. Hamilton, a shoe merchant of St. Louis, they constructed the "Ward & Tamme Opera House" which was later sold in 1893 after Tamme had constructed a larger Opera House on Douglas Avenue in 1886.

In 1883, Charles Tamme married. Ward and his friend remained close, nevertheless. It may have been the event of Tamme's marriage that triggered thoughts of his family back in Eastern Kentucky in George Washington Ward's mind. According to Asa Williamson, another childhood friend from Martin County, KY, Ward had payed visits to his parents on at least two different occasions by 1886.

On June 8, 1885, Ward applied for a pension, based on his chronic diarrhea which he had contracted in the service during the Civil War. His pension was approved at a rate of $2 per month.

Meanwhile, George W. Ward appeared several times in the local newspapers. He took an interest in baseball and traveled to Albuquerque in 1887 to enjoy a few baseball games. In July 1888, Ward drew a winning ticket in the Louisiana State Lottery. In January 1889, Ward partook in a possum dinner as the result of a bet. The oppossums were secured from Kansas City and the local paper noted that "this southern dish will be served in due time with all the necessary adjuncts."

In 1890, George Washington Ward served as town marshall of Las Vegas. Dr. Geo. M. Kellog, who examined him on June 30, 1891, described Ward as a man "of very large habit. Chest measurements above nipples 43 inches, full inspiration 45 inches." He also noted that Ward "has nervous tremors in hands, is strictly temperate and well-known in town."
Based on Dr. Kellog's examination, George Washington Ward received an increase in his pension to $12 per month, to date from June 21, 1891, for chronic diarrhea, dyspepsia and disease of heart.

In 1893, the New Mexico Insane Asylum was established in Las Vegas, a facility that housed 250 patients. George Washington Ward was appointed superintendent, a position he held until his death in 1913. According to local records, Ward "believed in the usefulness of these needy people and envisioned a garden for them to work in. Nineteen acres of a barren grounds were developed by the patients into wonderfully terraced flower and vegetable gardens, which saved the Territory $3,378.69 in 1898."
In 1896, the "New Mexican" hailed Ward as "the right man in the right place, and his services have been invaluable."

During the same year, in autumn of 1893, Special Examiner E. S. D. Patron from the United States Pension Board arrived in Las Vegas and established his headquarters in town. In a deposition he stated, "When I first took up headquarters here last Autumn many of the best citizens here came to me and complained of what they termed the "fraud" the pensioner [G. W. Ward] was perpetrating on the Government in drawing a pension, and since that time I have observed pensioner closely whenever circumstances permitted. He is a very examplary man, the picture of health and one of the finest specimens of physical manhood I have ever seen. He is a bachelor, a large property holder, and besides is the Steward of the New Mex. Insane Asylum, having been well fixed financially for several years, besides holding lucrative positions to which no manual labor was attached; there has been no necessity for his doing any hard works; although during the time I have known him he has been able to attend to business every day, and from his general appearance and the action manner in which he gets around, it is my opinion that he is fully able to perform any kind of manual labor if necessity requires him to do so."

Patron insisted on a thorough medical examination of Ward by Dr. W. Morgan of the Board of Office Surgeons which took place on August 10, 1894.
Morgan stated that George Washington Ward, "is a fine specimen of physical manhood. Nurtition excellent. His face is ruddy with the glow of health - no congestion of the ports. Complexion florid - Hair & Eyebrows light in color. He is a perfect picture of good health which does not only shows itself in excellent nutrition & healthy complexion but in the bright happy expression of countenance.
Skin healthy, teeth well preserved. Ward said that he has had no trouble with his bowels since last summer. He has had better health this summer + last Winter than for several years prior. He is not a hypochondriac. Looks like he enjoyed good health + that he is glad to be alive. He is Hospital Steward at the State Insane Asylum and seems to be "a right jolly good fellow"."

After this glowing medical review, Patron wrote that, "from Dr. Morgan's examination and my general lay knowledge of the state of pensoner's health for the past year, I am convinced that he has not the slightest right to a pension, and I respectfully recommend that his name be dropped from the rolls".
Accordingly, Ward's pension was discontinued.

On February 4, 1895, George Washington Ward once again began receiving a pension, at a rate of $2 per month which was increased on March 2, 1895, to $ $6.

In June 1899, George W. Ward was once again in the public eye when Teddy Roosevelt and his Rough Riders arrved in Las Vegas on their way home. A "Rough Riders and Citizens" parade was held in which one of the divisions was led by George W. Ward, "accompanied by the Chihuahua band."

On October 16, 1899, Ward asked for an increase of his pension. After almost four years, on June 24, 1903, the Pension Board ruled that Ward was not entitled to restoration to former rate from date of dropping in 1899, but was approved for renewal, at the old rate of $6 per month. His claim, however, was not approved on his claim of chronic diarrhea but, ironically, for obesity.

George Washington's weight had been steadily increasing over the years, due mainly to the lessening of his chronic diarrhea attacks and resulting increased health. A contributing factor may have been that Ward, as superintendent of the Insane Asylum, enjoyed meals that were prepared for him by the staff of the institution and served on a regular basis.

July 17, 1885: 231 pounds
February 16, 1887: 228 pounds
June 30, 1891: 224 pounds
August 10, 1894: 263 pounds
Nov. 15, 1899: 287 pounds
March 18, 1902: 254 pounds

On June 25, 1908, George Washington Ward's pension was increased to $12 per month, and once again, on June 4, 1912, to $17 per month.

In 1913, George Washington Ward died "an old bachelor", as he termed himself in 1898, and is buried in Las Vegas, New Mexico, in the Masonic Cemetery, Section K, Row 1.
The inscription on his stone reads:
"George W. WARD"

Researched and written by Marlitta H. Perkins, 2010

Link of Interest:
Photograph of Ward & Tamme Opera House/Rosenthal Hall

Friday, May 28, 2010

Memorial Day 2010 - May We Never Forget

On May 31, 2010, America is observing Memorial Day. Formerly known as Decoration Day, it was first enacted to honor Union soldiers of the American Civil War. After World War I it was expanded to include the men and women of all wars who died while in the military service.

Memorial Day was officially proclaimed to be celebrated nationwide on May 5, 1868 by General John A. Logan, commander-in-chief of the Grand Army of the Republic [G.A.R.], a Union veterans organization chartered by Congress, in his 11th General Order, and was first observed on May 30, 1868, when flowers were placed on the graves of Union and Confederate soldiers at Arlington National Cemetery.

General Order No. 11:
"The 30th of May, 1868, is designated for the purpose of strewing with flowers, or otherwise decorating the graves of comrades who died in defense of their country during the late rebellion, and whose bodies now lie in almost every city, village, and hamlet churchyard in the land. In this observance no form of ceremony is prescribed, but posts and comrades will in their own way arrange such fitting services and testimonials of respect as circumstances may permit."

Observing General Logan's order, G.A.R posts were instrumental in the implementation of Memorial Day across the nation.

A number of G.A.R. posts were located in Eastern Kentucky.

Croxton Post # 9, McKenzie, Lewis County
McPherson Post # 14, Ashland, Boyd County
Hamrick Post # 22, Burtonville, Lewis County
H. Eifert Post # 26, Greenup, Greenup County
E. V. Mavity Post # 28, Petersville, Lewis County
R. Armstead Post # 29, Catlettsburg, Boyd County
Nelson T. Boggs Post # 50, Webbville, Lawrence County
Scoville Post # 52, London, Laurel County
George W. Gallup Post # 57, Rush/Geigersville, Boyd County
U. S. Grant Post # 58, Olive Hill, Carter County
Chilton Osborn Post # 67, Blaine, Lawrence County
Francis M. Burgess Post # 69, Peach Orchard, Lawrence County
David V. Auxier Post # 73, Paintsville, Johnson County
J. W. Finnell Post # 110, Grayson, Carter County
Wiley C. Patrick Post # 120, Salyersville, Magoffin County
Hutcheson Post # 150, Bolts' Fork/Buchanan, Boyd County
Capt. J. Gooden Post # 199, Messers, Knott County
L. D. Yost Post # 14, Pikeville, Pike County

Even though Memorial Day observances were held by the various G.A.R posts,they received only limited publicity by the newspapers in Eastern Kentucky. In 1889, the Big Sandy News reported that the Odd Fellow and the Francis M. Burgess G.A.R. Post No. 69 celebrated Memorial Day at Peach Orchard, in Lawrence County, Kentucky. The Eden band was present for the occasion and furnished music for the occasion.

On May 31, 1890, a great many people and different orders congregated at the Kavanaugh graveyard in Boyd County, to decorate the graves of union soldiers and relatives. Various speakers addressed the crowd, including Rev. R. T. Johnson of Round Bottom, West Virginia who, according to the papers, made "a decidedly interesting and impressive speech."
Major Drew J. Burchett, 14th KY Infantry, accompanied by his 18 year old daughter Emma, "made a very interesting and appropriate speech in his usual fervent and earnest way, which made all feel it was well that they were there and that they were Americans."

Major Drew J. Burchett, 14th KY Infantry [US]

Major Drew J. Burchett also attended Memorial Day activities at the Lexington Cemetery in Fayette County in 1905. The Mt. Sterling Advocate wrote:

"Decoration Day was fittingly observed by the members of E. L. Dudley Post No. 54, G. A. R., and in accordance with the custom the graves of fifteen hundred Union soldiers in the cemetery were decorated with flags and flowers. Following the decorating of the graves several hundred men and women, many of them relatives and friends of the dead soldiers, gathered in that part of the cemetery nearby the graves of the Union soldiers to listen to an address by Major D. J. Burchett of Mt. Sterling.

"Commander, Comrades, Ladies and Gentlemen: - I want to thank you for the splendid pleasure which you have afforded me of being present today and witnessing this beautiful ceremony of decorating the graves of our distinguished dead in this delightful spot.

"Lexington has enjoyed the distinction for nearly one hundred years of producing our most distinguished fellow Kentuckians. In peace or in war their great ability and distinguished services were the delight of the heart of the people of Lexington. With your splendid system of education, your university, colleges, male and female and other institutions of learning, from which comes out each year young men and women equipped for all the avenues of life and other glorious records in history have evinced the truth of their qualifications and it has resulted in the universal admiration of all Kentuckians.

"We meet today after forty years for the purpose of paying tribute to our distinguished dead and to lay upon their resting places the choicest flowers of spring time, indicating our faithful love and fidelity to them for their patriotism and loyalty to the flag of their country and the perpetuation of the very principle for which they fought. I believe we would be derelict in the performances of all of our duties if we were to fail to be advocates of a just distribution of all the rights, privileges and immunities under the laws of the country in which we live. The rich and the poor alike under the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence itself are justly entitled to the equal protection of the law and the just distribution of all the benefits under our Republican form government and as long as the eternal law of love and gratitude lasts it is our bounded duty to see that each and every one is the just recipient of this protection.

"The war between the States with the unfaltering courage evinced by each of these splendid armies has done more possibly to settle questions of difference than anything that has occurred before. The very fact that the South found in the North a brave courageous and patriotic people who would fight to the death for principles, at the same time the North found the same unquestionable evidence of courage in their adversaries of the South and that knowledge caused greater regard from one section to the other than all of the events that had over occurred and with these settlements of all the issues that had existed previously to the prosperity of our country, the greatest Republic from the 'rising to the setting of the sun' challenges greater allegiance upon the part of every citizen and subject for the reason that I believe from the landing of the Mayflower at Plymouth when these devoted Pilgrims kneeled around Plymouth Rock and thanked God Almighty for their deliverance, I believe that God Almighty in heaven promised as a reward of their appeal that this country should be the land from which the gospel of Christ should be disseminated and from which the missionary should visit the lands that were in darkness.

"I want to thank you for your attention and that I shall remember the occasion with great pleasure and in the autumn of our existence as our numbers diminish may it be the duty of the very last one to see that these flowers are distributed each year that we may keep alive for future generations the heroic deeds and splendid service of our distinguished comrades in arms."

In neighboring Ohio, Memorial Day was observed on a much larger scale than in Eastern Kentucky. Ironton, Ohio is home to the nation's oldest continuously running Memorial Day parade which has 12 separate divisions. The parade has been a tradition since 1868 when Memorial Day was officially recognized as a national holiday in the United States. Members of the local GAR Dick Lambert Post No. 165, including 14th KY's William H. H. Adkins and Louis Dixon, were instrumental in organizing the parade and decorating the graves of their fallen comrades. The event draws tens of thousands visitors every year.

Veterans Memorial Hall, Ironton, Ohio.
Built in 1892 by the Grand Army of The Republic (G.A.R.)
Dick Lambert Post No. 165, G.A.R.

Traditional observance of Memorial day has diminished over the years. Many Americans today have forgotten the meaning and traditions of Memorial Day. At many cemeteries, the graves of the fallen are increasingly ignored and neglected.

The National Holiday Act, passed by Congress in 1971, changed the date of Memorial Day in order to create a three-day weekend. In 2002, the VFW stated in its 2002 Memorial Day address: "Changing the date merely to create three-day weekends has undermined the very meaning of the day. No doubt, this has contributed greatly to the general public's nonchalant observance of Memorial Day."

I'd like to appeal to everyone to remember the true meaning of Memorial Day this year and take the time to decorate the graves of our veterans so that none will be forgotten.
14th KY Infantry [US] Graves Database

Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War National Graves Registration Database

Help save the Ironton Veterans Memorial Hall, home of the Dick Lambert Post No. 165, G.A.R. until 1919.
Preservation effort by the Ironton Legion Post # 433.

Tuesday, April 27, 2010

The Sultana Tragedy

During the early morning hours of April 27, 1865, the "Sultana", a Mississippi River steamboat paddlewheeler, which, for two years, ran a regular route between St. Louis and New Orleans, exploded about 7 miles north of Memphis.

An estimated 2,400 to 2,500 people were crowded on board, 1,961 of whom were exchanged Union prisoners of war who had been released from Andersonville and Cahaba prisons. Many were emaciated or in otherwise weakened physical condition. 15 women and children and a crew of 85 men were also among the passengers.

Among the Union prisoners of war were 185 Kentuckians, including two men from the 14th KY Infantry - Privates Elisha Curnutte, Co. G/D and Henry H. Gambill, Co. B.

Elisha and Henry had much in common. Both were born and raised in Lawrence County, Kentucky, 20 years old, unmarried, and still living at home with their parents. Both Elisha and Henry mustered into the 14th KY Infantry at Louisa, KY, on June 10, 1863 and were captured during the Atlanta Campaign within days of each other in August 1864 and sent to Andersonville. After 8 months in captivity, Elisha and Henry were exchanged toward the end of April 1865 at Vicksburg where they awaited transports to take them North and to freedom.

On April 25, 1865, Elisha Curnutte and Henry H. Gambill boarded the already crowded steamboat "Sultana", along with the other Kentuckians who were moved to the second deck and placed around the gangway between the outside wall of the cabin and the paddlewheel boxes.

Soon the "Sultana" left the wharf at Vicksburg and was on the way with its precious load. The following morning the boat was approaching Helena, Arkansas where a photographer took the last known picture of the Sultana, just hours before the explosion.

The voyage continued and after a pleasant ride the "Sultana" reached Memphis. A number of men jumped off the boat and roamed the city until 10 0'clock when it was time to leave again. Soon the "Sultana" pushed off and disappeared into the darkness of the night. The men bedded down and made themselves as comfortable as possible under the crowded circumstances. Henry Gambill and Elisha Curnutte found room at the head of the stairway, in front of the cabin and quickly fell asleep.

Around two o'clock in the morning, the "Sultana" was rocked by a massive explosion which instantly killed Elisha Curnutte. Henry H. Gambill received a severe wound in his left leg but was able to help to cut down and throw overboard a stage plank and got upon it, with twenty-five other comrades. It overturned several times and eventually most of the men drowned, with the exception of Gambill and 4 others. After several hours, the exhausted men were able to reach the roof of an old stable near the Arkansas shore where they remained until sunrise when rescued by a boat. Gambill was taken to the Adams Hospital in Memphis, badly chilled but otherwise in good condition, aside from his leg wound. Three days later he penned a letter to his family in Kentucky, stating, "Dear Mother, it was a scarry looking sight when it was a half mile to [the] other shore and seeing hundreds of men drowning around us."

Henry H. Gambill would never forget what he experienced during that night. He returned home to Eastern Kentucky and in 1867 married Mary Swetnam. The couple settled in the Blaine area where Henry H. Gambill engaged in farming and merchanising. In 1892, Sultana survivor Chester D. Berry published his book, "Loss of the Sultana and Reminiscences of Survivors", which also includes Henry H. Gambill's account of the Sultana tragedy.

Unfortunately, the Sultana disaster was overshadowed by Lincoln's assassination on April 14, and the subsequent capture and death of John Wilkes Booth on April 26, 1865. News of the disaster was not well covered in the newspapers or magazines and with a few exceptions, relegated to the newspaper's back pages and soon forgotten.

Philadelphia Inquirer, April 29, 1865

The exact death toll of the Sultana explosion is unknown. An estimated 1,300 to 1,900 passengers were killed when three of the ship's four boilers exploded, making it the worst maritime disaster in U. S. history, including the sinking of the Titanic. The official count by the United States Customs Service was 1,547. Modern historians tend to concur on a figure of "up to 1,800".
Memphis National Cemetery is the burial place for many of the victims of the Sultana disaster. Bodies of the victims continued to be found for months downriver, some as far as Vicksburg. Many bodies were never recovered, including Elisha Curnutte's.

Final estimates of survivors were between 700-800 but up to 300 of them died later from the effects of burns or exposure.

An East Tennessee Sultana survivors' group met annually on April 27 until 1928, when four survivors were left.

Monuments and historical markers to the Sultana and its victims have been erected at Memphis, Tennessee; Muncie, Indiana; Marion, Arkansas; Vicksburg, Mississippi; Cincinnati, Ohio; Knoxville, Tennessee; Hillsdale, Michigan; and Mansfield, Ohio. Sadly, Kentucky never saw fit to honor the Sultana victims.

In 1982, a local archaeological expedition uncovered what was believed to be the wreckage of the Sultana. Blackened wooden deck planks and timbers were found about 32 feet under a soybean field on the Arkansas side, about four miles from Memphis. The Mississippi River has changed course several times since the disaster. The main channel now flows about two miles east of its 1865 position.

Sunday, March 21, 2010

Capt. Wiley C. Patrick's Death near Foster's House, GA

Wiley C. Patrick, son of Meredith and Rebecca Williams Patrick, was born on December 9, 1835 in Magoffin County, KY. In 1861, when the Civil War broke out, Wiley decided to cast his lot with the Union. He left his wife Polly Huff Patrick and three small children and made his way to Louisa in Lawrence Co.,KY, were the 14th KY Infantry Regiment was forming at Camp Wallace. He filled an original vaccancy as 1st Lieutenant in Co. I, 14th KY Infantry [US] and joined the regiment for duty on November 10 and was mustered in at Camp Wallace on December 10, 1861. On May 5th, 1863 he was promoted to Captain of Company I. His brother Elijah later served in the same company, as did a great number of other Magoffin County boys.

In April 1864, the 14th KY received orders to join Sherman's Atlanta Campaign. On May 23, the regiment arrived at Cass Station, GA and within days proceeded to join the 23. Army Corps, also known as Army of the Ohio, at the front near Burnt Hickory. Continuous fighting and skirmishing became the order of the day while Sherman's Army slowly wound its way through Georgia. Hastily dug trenches and thrown up breastworks barely protected the men from Confederate sharpshooters who made it quite dangerous for the men to move about freely even if it was only to get a drink of water from a nearby creek.

On June 2, 1864, the 14th KY participated in an engagement that would result in the regiment's first heavy casualties during this campaign. Among them would be Captain Wiley C. Patrick. The following is an account of events that ultimately, on this fateful day, led to his untimely death at the age of 28.

During the previous night, General Schofield, commander of the 23. Army Corps, received orders from General Sherman to turn the Confederate right, "so as to get on the waters of Alatoona Creek", about 2 miles northeast of Pickett's Mill. Rain began falling early in the morning and after all the necessary preparations were completed, Schofield's troops began moving at 8 a.m. in rear of left on the Alatoona road to the extreme left of Sherman's Army until they reached the Burnt Hickory and Marietta road, near Cross Roads Church (also known as Burnt Church), and then turned east.

The 14th KY formed the extreme left of the front line of Strickland's Third Brigade (Hascall's Division), two lines deep. This was a very dangerous position as it left the regiment exposed on the flank. Progress was slow and frequent halts were necessary because of the almost impenetrable loblolly pine forest which was so dense that the men were unable "to see two rods" or see those on their right or left. Only with great difficulty did the skirmish line move in accord with the line of battle, which was directed by compass. The brush was so thick and interlaced that neither man or horse could force a way through it. The soldiers had to march around the brush, re-connect and rectify the direction and resume their advance once more.

Once the troops left Alatoona road, their advance was sharply contested by dismounted Confederate cavalry all through the woods. Around 10 a.m., after passing over the divide separating Pumpkin Vine Creek and its branches from Alatoona Creek, the 14th KY reached open ground near the creek's west side - a little swampy valley - and went into position. The Confederate batteries, situated at an entrenched line on the east side of Alatoona Creek, obtained good range of the Union troops and began throwing a galling fire in every direction, sweeping the valley at intervals and making it unpleasantly hot for the massing lines who were finally ordered to lie down. Stretcher bearers were continuously filing by with their ghastly loads.

At 11 a.m., the 14th KY was ordered to be ready to charge the Confederate line which was anxiously received by the men of the regiment. Almost simultaneously, heavy clouds had gathered and "Heaven's Artillery opened in grand style". The rain increased in intensity and was pouring from the dark and gloomy sky above, making it difficult for the men to load their guns. The lightning flashed and cut in zigzag streaks, and for a time the roar of the thunder and the enemy's cannon mingled so that it was hard to tell one from the other. While lying on the muddy ground, the men were soaked to their skin in a short time. Finally, after what appeared to be an eternity, the actual order came down the line to move forward and charge the enemy's works and the men started "hooping and holowing and shooten". The 14th KY attacked with vigor and with a sharp fight turned the enemy's flank, driving them back about two miles across Alatoona Creek, which was muddy and swollen by the rain to the depth of three feet. Hascall's division pressed on and began to develop the line of the enemy's works at James Foster's house, near the junction of Burnt Hickory and Marietta roads with the Dallas and Acworth road. The 14th KY's left rested within 150 yards of the enemy's fortifications, from which the Confederates fired grape, canister, solid shot and shell. Company A, under command of Captain James C. Whitten, formed the skirmish line in the immediate front and advanced to within 50 yards of the masked enemy's battery.

In the charge upon the enemy's works, Captain Wiley C. Patrick was killed while leading Company I. Finding the enemy's works too strong, the men layed down under a shower of grape shot. Six or eight shells burst among members of Captain Patrick's company, wounding several. A shell also seriously injured Captain Whitten in his right hip, disabling him for the duration of his service. The bullets, as one member of the 14th KY described it," was a flying as putner as fast as I ever saw it hale.." Eventually, a lodgment was made by the 14th KY at Foster's house, despite stubborn resistance by the Confederates.

Around 4 p.m., the storm finally had passed and as night began to fall, the sun "unexpectedly shone out for a few moments as it retired behind the hills in a blood-red sheen of glory, leaving a few moments later a darkened earth behind, made doubly gloomy by the brightness of the disappearing luminary". A further advance was found to be impracticable and after a hard day the men of the 14th KY hastily began to entrench their line and barricaded for the night.

For Captain Wiley C. Patrick, the fighting was over. In their subsequent reports, Colonel G. W. Gallup, commander of the 14th KY, called Patrick "noble and gallant", while Colonel Silas Strickland, commanding brigade officer, found him to be "a most brave and gallant officer." His body was buried by his comrades near the battlesite where it remained until 1866, when his brother Elijah Patrick made the trip back to Georgia to recover the remains. Arriving at Atlanta, Elijah Patrick hired an oxen team and with several men, proceeded to Captain Patrick's burial site and removed the body. It was placed into a pine box, which was taken back by train to Catlettsburg, KY and then transported to Magoffin County by wagon.

Wiley C. Patrick's body was re-intered in the Meredith Patrick Cemetery. A white stone monument marks the grave. One of the inscription reads: Capt. Wiley C. Patrick of Co. I, 14 Reg. Kentucky Vol. Infantry, Born Dec. 9, 1835, Fell in Action June 2, 1864. During Captain Patrick's burial, a Georgia pine seed that had accidentially clung to the body, was lowered into the grave as well. Over the years, it grew into a tall strong tree until it finally had to be cut down. A tree stump is all that remains today - a silent reminder of the tragic death of one of Magoffin County's finest.

On Memorial Day weekend 2001, Captain Wiley C. Patrick was honored with a special ceremony by the 14th KY Heritage Society, the Magoffin County Historical Society and the KY Department SUVCW.

A new Georgia pine seedling, specially obtained by a 14th KY descendant from near the battlefield where Captain Patrick fell, was planted at his gravesite. Several family members were in attendance for the ceremony.

Photo of Captain Wiley C. Patrick courtesy Bob Kinner.
Photos of Memorial Service courtesy of Connie Wireman.

Tuesday, March 9, 2010

Unsung Heroes - Women During the Civil War

March is Women's History Month. This blog is dedicated to all women and their accomplishments during the Civil War.

During the tumultuous years of the Civil War, women who did not have a right to vote, own property and had few civic liberties of their own, unified in support of the war efforts and assumed an active part. The determination, grit and devotion with which these women served their country was astounding, yet often overlooked.

Women may not have had a voice in the political process or a part in the military actions of the day, but the Union ladies of Greenup, Greenup Co. KY did not hesitate to show their patriotism and voice their opinions to Hon. William C. Ireland, a local Kentucky state representative:
On behalf of Union loving women of Greenupsburg we beg of you to accept the accompaying banner as a slight token of their regard for you as a man and a pariot. Whilst the women of our Country are not permitted to engage in political or military strife, they can approve the acts of the true Statesman and applaud the deeds of the gallant general; excercising this right let us assure you that your course in the Legislative Halls of our noble State meets with our most cordial approbation, and we confidently trust that in the future, as in the past, your efforts may be directed against any measure which may tend to bring the horrors of civil war into Kentucky.
In conclusion let us hope that the present unhappy condition of our beloved country may soon end, and that "not one stripe may be erased nor one star obliterated from our glorious flag.
Believe us
Your friends

Women's patriotism was felt and much appreciated, even in Washington, DC. In January 1862, Congressman John Wadsworth from Mason Co. KY urged Mrs. Ireland and Kate Ross, both from Greenup Co. KY, to travel to the nation's capital, "to give our Presidential Court a little brilliancy." He further stated, "it is a Christian duty urges them them to come here Certainly if they are Union women."

Both Kate Ross, the wife of L. D. Ross, prominent lawyer and furnace owner, of Greenupsburg and Mrs. Parmelia D. Robb Ireland, wife of Hon. William C. Ireland, a state representative and later Provost Marshall from Greenup Co. KY, supported the Union cause with fervor throughout the war.

In September 1862, General George W. Morgan and his 10,000 men strong 7th Division marched from Cumberland Gap to the Ohio River in 16 days and arrived at Greenup on October 3, 1862, starved and half-naked. The soldiers soon found that, "the ladies were baking bread - not ordinary loaves, but nice fine cakes, such as KY ladies delight to spread before chosen guests. One lady, Mrs Ross, baked more than 200 pounds of fine flour, and then, as though regretted that it was not better, spread it out before the Twenty-sixth Brigade, anxious to do still more. The readers can not imagine how well that bread tasted."

Mrs. Ross and Mrs. Ireland also formed the Greenup Aid Society with the other Greenup Union ladies. In 1863, the following women were members:
Mrs. Kate Ross
Mrs. Parmelia D. Robb Ireland
Mrs. Rice
Mrs. Elizabeth Vandyke, wife of Augustus C., Iron manufacturer
Mrs. M. W. Moss
Mrs. Winters
Mrs. Seaton
Mrs. Davidson
Mrs. S. A. Ellis, wife of Dr. Samuel Ellis
Mrs. Myers
Mrs. Pratt
Mrs. Hellen A. DeBard, wife of Dr. A. D Debard
Mrs. Carolina Smutz [Schmitz], wife of John Smutz, a saloon keeper in Greenupsburg. Both were natives of Baden, Germany
Mrs. Culbertson
Mrs. L. H. C. Robb, wife of J. M. Robb, clerk
Mrs. M. A. Rye, wife of merchant H. M. Rye
Miss Hockiday

During the organization of the 14th KY Infantry in the fall of 1861, women found ways to support the soldiers. Charlotte C. Culver, a well-to-do widow in Catlettsburg, made her house and property available to the regiment, perhaps as headquarters or as a hospital.

In October 1861, Elizabeth Pennington, wife of the local miller H. Pennington, was baking for the regiment for two weeks since the soldiers had "no means of baking bread."

Soon, the women were also involved in caring for the sick. An act passed by Congress on Aug. 3, 1861 made their participation, although limited, possible.

AN ACT providing for the better organization of the military establishment...
SEC. 6. And be it further enacted, That in general or permanent hospitals female nurses may be substituted for soldiers when, in the opinion of the Surgeon-General or medical officer in charge, it is expedient to do so, the number of female nurses to be indicated by the Surgeon. General or surgeon in charge of the hospital; the nurses so employed to receive forty cents a day and one ration in kind, or by commutation, in lieu of all emoluments except transportation in kind.

Among the women who cared for the sick in the 14th KY in 1861 were Mrs. Elizabeth Steele Frasher, wife of Captain Oliver M. Frasher, Co. C, 14th KY Infantry, as well as Mrs. Hughs, wife of a recruit from Morgan Co. KY, who, in the end, did not make it into the ranks of the regiment.

Many women also organized Soldiers Aid Societies, as in Greenup County. These organizations were instrumental in gathering and distributing items to the hospitals and battlefield.
Not only would the women knit socks and mittens, make uniforms, and distribute blankets and reading material but also took it upon themselves to raise money to support their organizations. Hospitals were supplied with necessities such as crutches, bandages and linens, as well as clothing, pillows, bedticks, even furniture. They also also provided fresh fruit and vegetables, eggs, condensed chicken and milk, pickles to aid the recovery of the sick.

During Garfield's Eastern KY Campaign, the Soldiers' Aid Society of Northern Ohio, founded by women in Cleveland, Ohio, as a first of such organization in the nation on April 20, 1861, sent much needed supplies to the 18th Brigade Hospital in Ashland, KY in early 1862, as well as to the regimental hospitals of the 42nd OVI in Paintsville and Louisa, KY.

In February 1862, the patriotic Ladies of Ironton and vicinity contributed two large boxes of goods to the relief of the destitute soldiers of the 14th Kentucky Regiment who were stationed at Paintsville. The boxes contained 27 comfortables, 17 quilts, 8 coverlids, 140 pairs of socks, and some nice mittens, soft flannel shirts, drawers, etc.- One soldier in the regiment remarked that, "the contributions from our Ohio sisters were received with great satisfaction."

The Ironton Soldiers Aid Society also cared for the sick soldiers at the 18th Brigade Hospital in Ashland.
In April 1862, Post Surgeon B. F. Elder acknowledged the receipt of supplies from the following ladies:
To Miss Trumbo, Miss Margaret Trumbo, Mrs. W. H. Kelley, Mrs. A. J. Trumbo, Mrs. J. Trumbo, Ms. C. Austin, Mrs. L. Austin, Mrs. W. Collins, Mrs. W. Kelley, Mrs. Joshua Kelley, Mrs. G. Dovel, Mrs. M. A. Adams -
Ladies: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of boxes and jars containing fruits, chickens, butter, etc. etc. for the use of the sick in this hospital, for all of which we are exceedingly grateful. Please accept our thanks, and those of the sick soldiers under our charge, for the delicacies received.

The ladies provided chickens, cold beef, veal, ham, and chipped beef. Other goods included eggs, butter, milk and rusk [a hard bread] as well as cornbread and mush.

The Brigade Hospital had been set up in the Aldine Hotel in Ashland, an imposing five story structure, built by the Kentucky Iron, Coal & Manufacturing Co. in 1857. Women were hired to do the washing and the sewing society bought 190 yards of muslin to make bedsheets and shirts, and volunteers stitched two afternoons a week.

The ladies of Ashland, Kentucky also took an active part in caring for the sick soldiers.
Mrs. Hannah Weis, wife of Dr. Weis
Mrs. Mahala Warner wife of Larkin Warner, farmer
Mrs. Harrietta Means, wife of John Means, industrialist
Mrs. Narcissa R. Martin, wife of E. W. Martin, cashier at Ashland Bank
Mrs. Mary A. Gore, wife of Thomas Gore, book keeper
Mrs. Mary I. Martin, wife of A. C. Martin, clerk

In 1864, Rebecca Moore Gallup, wife of Colonel George W. Gallup, 14th KY Infantry, commander of the Eastern KY Military District, visited the soldiers in the hospitals.
On April 15, 1864, she wrote, "Mrs Philips has been quite sick. Dr. Philips took me to see those woundid [sic] soldiers. poore [sic] unfortunate men I am sorry for them. I was introduced to him as Mrs Col. G. and he held his hand out and said he was glad to have us come to see him - it cheered him up."

Numerous other aid societies were active during the Civil War throughout the state of Kentucky. In April of 1862, when the 14th KY Infantry arrived in Lexington, the ladies from the city's Soldiers Aid Society, as one soldier noted, "came to our rescue and filled as near as strangers could, the places of mothers and sisters." They supplied food in abundance as well as cared for the sick in the hospital.

Mrs. Ella Dewees Cochran, wife of Col. John C. Cochran, commander of the 14th KY Infantry, who resided with her family near the hospital, "was among the foremost in kind attention to the sick soldiers of the 14th regiment," noted one soldier of the 14th KY.
Mrs. Cochran was a very patriotic woman and took a great interest in the events that were taking place. "She is a Heroic Woman", praised one of the officers in the 14th Ky Infantry, "and Says She does not want the Col to Resign as long as there is a Vestige of the Old Flag Remains."

Some of the women chose to share their husband's fate and accompanied them during their service in the field, even if it was sometimes just for short periods of time. Mrs. Rebecca Moore Gallup and Mrs. Anna Frederick Mims, wife of Captain David Mims, 14th KY Infantry, visited their husbands at Cumberland Gap during the summer of 1862. Clarissa Keeton, wife of James Keeton as well as John Kitchen's wife Mary were in camp visiting their husbands in the 14th KY Infantry while the regiment was stationed at Danville, KY during the winter months of 1862/1863. Mary Kitchen also accompanied the men on their march to Louisville, caring for James Poe, a wounded soldier.

At times, these women would become unwilling participants of important military events as was the case with Anna Meachum, wife of 14th KY Assistant Surgeon Dr. Franklin Meachum. When Morgan's Division evacuated Cumberland Gap in September 1862, attempting to march to the Ohio River, Dr. Meachum voluntarily remained behind, caring for the sick in the hospital. His wife, who was eight months pregnant and not able, for obvious reasons, to make the march with the soldiers, remained with her husband and was accordingly captured by the Confederates. She remained at Cumberland Gap where she gave birth to a healthy son on October 28, 1862.

Ten other women, however, accompanied Morgan's Division on their
march from Cumberland Gap and endured the same hardships as the men. One of them was Sarah Taylor.

In general, women were not allowed to serve in the army but Sarah Taylor, 18 year old step-daughter of Captain Dowden of the 1st Tennessee Infantry, was one of the few exceptions. When the Civil War began she was determined to follow her step-father into the service and served as daughter of the 1st Tennessee Infantry, sharing with the men all the dangers and hardships. According to a contemporary writer, Sarah Taylor became "quite the idol of the Tennessee boys". Mounted on a horse, she carried a highly finished regulation sword and two silver-mounted pistols in her belt, being a master of both type of weapons. Their uniforms were often very similar to the uniforms of the field music of the regiment. As the “daughter of the regiment”, these women commanded the respect of soldiers in ways that other types of camp followers could not.
Though non-essential to fighting regiments, they performed some important duties and gave a wounded or sick soldier immediate attention. In some known instances they carried the colors into battle for their regiment.

Also accompanying Morgan's Division were a group of women refugees who had fled their homes in Barboursville to escape the invading Confederate forces under Kirby Smith. Amelia Cain White Adams was the wife of Captain George Madison Adams and mother of Major Hugh W. Adams, both members of the 7th KY Infantry who served under Gen. George W. Morgan. She was accompanied by her daughters Kate White Adams, Jennie Ballinger, Sallie Letcher and Sue Joplin, with a year-old baby, George Joplin, as well as a nurse and the family’s faithful servant Hiram. After an all night ride, the group was finally able to join Morgan's column near Manchester, KY.
The identity of the remaining three women is at this point unknown which continued research may uncover.

Circumstances during the Civil War forced women to abandon their more traditional roles as wives and mothers, tending to their families. Now Women worked to manufacture arms, ammunition, uniforms, and other supplies for the soldiers. On the home front, they took the place of their husbands and tended to their farms, ploughing, planting crops and harvesting and took care of their live stock. Often left on their own without the protection of their husbands and sons, they were subjects to raids by contending armies as well as guerrilla bands.

America Marshall, wife of William "Doby Bill" Marshall's of Co. D, 14th KY lived with her family on Brushy Fork of Gun Creek in Magoffin Co. KY. The house had been searched a number of times for food, clothing and money. She finally augured a hole in the wall of their log house and put her money in it. Then she drove a peg into the wall and hung her washtub over the spot to keep the soldiers from finding the money.

Frances Elam, mother of Lt. Richard M. Elam of Co. I, 14th KY Infantry, lived on the family farm at Gordon Ford in Horse Shoe Bend of the Licking River in Morgan Co. KY. Due to the family's Union sympathies the farm was raided and Richard’s mother driven off. "they have taken all of our stock and has run Mother away from home and now she is at Portsmouth Ohio and is doing well ther[sic]," noted her son in December 1862.

The Civil War effected all the women in this country on some level and even more so in Kentucky. Regardless of what roles women assumed, their contributions made an enormous impact and proved invaluable to the war effort. Their patriotism, and sacrifices as well as their triumphs should never be forgotten.

Wednesday, March 3, 2010

Captain Reuben Patrick and the Williams Gun

Captain Reuben Patrick and the Williams Gun

The story of Captain Reuben Patrick's capture of the famous Williams Gun in Eastern Kentucky during the Civil War never fails to stir up interest and curiosity. His exploits were widely publicized and his display of courage and daring became legendary.

Patrick, a native of Magoffin Co. KY, commanded a small company of home guards and scouts who scoured the mountains for rebels and kept a vigilant eye on his foes. His family were strong Union supporters from the beginning of the war. An older brother, Elijah, served as scout and guide for General "Bull" Nelson during his Eastern
Kentucky Campaign in the fall of 1861. His younger brother Wiley C. Patrick was a lieutenant and later captain of Co. I, 14th KY Infantry. Reuben often worked with detachments of the 14th KY Infantry and was able to provide vital information to the commander of the Eastern KY Military District, on the Big Sandy River at Louisa, KY.

In March of 1863, General Humphrey Marshall entered Eastern Kentucky with a mounted force and, after a march of several days, arrived at Ivyton, Magoffin Co. on March 20, 1863, and bivouacked. During the night, Captain Reuben Patrick, whose residence was only a few miles away, crept up to Marshall's camp and waited until the sentinel fell asleep. Roaming through the sleeping camp, Patrick discovered the Williams Rapid Fire Gun. It was on loan to Humphrey Marshall by a private individual, who was having it tried, with the view of selling it to the Confederate government.
Captain Patrick immediately decided to relieve the general of this rare piece of artillery. Being afraid that rolling it out of camp would awaken the enemy, Patrick quietly unscrewed the cannon from its frame, lifted it from its carriage and carried it into the nearby woods and laid it alongside of an old log, carefully camouflaging it with leaves.

The following morning the Confederates were astounded when they found the carriage but not a trace of the cannon barrel. A thorough search was conducted but nothing was found and thus Marshall grudgingly had to move on empty-handed. The incident was a source of embarrassment to Humphrey Marshall and the loss of the gun rankled deep in Marshall's breast for years.

After the Confederates had left the area, Captain Patrick returned and took charge of the carriage that had been left behind by the Confederates. He reassembled the cannon and rolled it to his home on Burning Fork where Patrick kept it hidden for nearly a month.

On April 17th, 1863, McLaughlin's Squadron were ordered out to reinforce a detachment of the 14th KY Infantry who had captured a number of prisoners in Magoffin Co. Kentucky. When the troopers arrived, Captain Reuben Patrick retrieved the Williams gun from its hiding place and soon the group was headed for Louisa, with Patrick astride the cannon. When they arrived in town, Patrick received quite a reception. "Muskets barked,[and]cannon roared their appreciation of their brave deed."

When the 14th KY Infantry left Eastern Kentucky in May of 1864 to join Sherman in the Atlanta Campaign, Colonel George W. Gallup, 14th KY Infantry, had no intentions of leaving the gun behind at Louisa. He ordered Lt. Jacob M. Poage, Co. E, 14th KY Infantry, to take it to the arsenal in Frankfort, which was done immediately.

On display at the Kentucky Military History Museum, 2008

The Williams Gun was the first machine-gun type weapon ever used in combat. It was built for the Confederate War Dept. in Sept. 1861 by Confederate Captain R.S. Williams from Covington, KY. The rapid fire gun was first used at the Battle of Seven Pines in May 1862, and it worked so well that the War Dept. ordered 42 more of them.

This gun was crank operated, and was a very light artillery piece, and fired a one pound 1.57 cal projectile. It had a range of 2,000 yards. The gun was operated by a lever, that was attached to a revolving cam shaft, which rotated a cylinder. Each time the cylinder turned, a cartridge was dropped into the breech and a sliding hammer hit the cartridge's percussion cap. It took three men to fire this gun at a rate of 60-65 rounds per minute. One man aimed and fired the gun, the second one put a paper cartridge into the breech, and the third man put on the percussion cap. The biggest problem with this gun was overheating, which made the breech jam because of heat expansion. It was the only one of the rapid-fire arms to utilize the gases from the fired round to help operate the mechanism. It was a curious piece and weighed about one hundred and fifty pounds.

After the war, the Williams Gun was on display at the Old Arsenal in Frankfort, KY until 1890 when Captain Patrick decided to take it home to Salyersville for a Patrick reunion. The gun remained in Magoffin County and was displayed on the lawn of the Patrick home until 1950, when John Arnett, Patrick's great-grandson, moved it to Cleveland Heights in Ohio. In 1977, Arnett presented the gun to Nicky Hughes, curator of the Kentucky Military History Museum and Gen. William R. Buster, executive director of the Kentucky Historical Society.

John Arnett, great-grandson of Captain Reuben Patrick (left) and
Humphrey Marshall, great-grandson of General Humphrey Marshall.

It has been on display at the Kentucky Military History Museum and is presently part of the Kentucky Historical Society's exhibition, Kentucky's Military Treasures.

Saturday, February 27, 2010

Steamboats on the Big Sandy River during the Civil War

The first steamboats appeared on the Big Sandy River in 1837. They soon became a familiar sight and carried merchandise and passengers to various points of destination up and down the valley. On an average, the stream, with its Levisa and Tug Forks, was navigable by steamboats of small size for four months a year for a distance of 87 miles and six months for 50 miles. During low-water season goods had to be transported by push boat.
When the Civil War broke out in 1861, the lack of good roads made steamboats a natural choice to transport troops and supplies up the river. The following boats were in use during the Civil War. This list is a work in progress and more boats may be added as additional information becomes available.

May have been previously named "Victor"
Owner: Judge Joseph Patton
Pilot: Captain Cummings
Delivered goods to Joseph Francis Hatten Landing at the mouth of Bear Creek on Jan. 29, 1863.
Burned by CS raiders.

Type: Steamboat, built 1864.
Transported government freight up the Big Sandy. Captured on Nov. 5, 1864 at Buffalo Shoals in Johnson Co. KY, by the 34th Battalion Virginia Cavalry under command of Lt. Col. Vincent A. Witcher. Burned.

Ben Franklin
Type: Steamboat
Transported troops up the Big Sandy to Piketon in spring of 1862.

In service under General Nelson's Eastern KY Campaign, Nov. 1861.
In service under Garfield's Eastern KY Campaign, 1861/1862.
The boat made several trips up the Big Sandy to Piketon during the February flood of 1862 and transported troops from Piketon to Catlettsburg in March 1862.

Built in 1860
Moved up Big Sandy during the February flood 1862. Anchored on mainstreet in Piketon on Feb. 24, 1862. Transported troops up the Big Sandy in March 1862.

Champion No. 4
Type: Towboat, built in 1860
Utilized during Gen. Nelson's Eastern Kentucky Campaign in November 1861. Carried troops from Louisa on the Big Sandy River and the Ohio.

Charlie Potevin
Transported troop from Catlettsburg up the Big Sandy River in February/March 1862.

Operated in 1865.

Type: Steamboat, built in 1855.
Owner/operator: Hiram Tyler
Transported Government freight up the Big Sandy, Dec. 23 - Dec. 26, 1861

Type: Steamboat
Transported government freight up the Big Sandy. Captured on Nov. 5, 1864 at Buffalo Shoals in Johnson Co. KY, by the 34th Battalion Virginia Cavalry under command of Lt. Col. Vincent A. Witcher. Burned.

Henry M. Chiles/Childs
Transported Garfield to Piketon in 1862.
H. M. Childs was wharfmaster in Catlettsburg 1864/1865.

Carried Colonel Garfield in January 1862 up the Big Sandy from Catlettsburg with supplies for his brigade.

Little Eva
Type: A large flat-boat with a steam engine and a shrill whistle.
Carried supplies for Garfield's troops up the Big Sandy to Piketon until April 1862 [possibly later]

Operated in 1865.

Morning Star
Type: Sidewheel steamboat, built 1856.

Mountain Ranger
Type: Steamboat
Owner/operator: W. D. Cummings
Transported Government freight up the Big Sandy, Dec. 18 - Dec. 29, 1861.

Oil Hunter

Owned by Milton Kennedy.
Contracted to transport troops and Government freight up the Big Sandy between Catlettsburg and Piketon from January to May 1862.

Red Brick
Type: A scow with a locomotive on board

Red Buck
Type: Side wheeler
It operated during the Civil War. Captured by CS troops in early 1862 near the mouth of Johns Creek while transporting weapons to Garfield at Piketon. The Confederates were discovered wading the river at Wireman Shoals, some distance above where the boat was tied up. Crew and passengers quickly opened the crates and took guns from
them, firing at the approaching soldiers as they attacked but the boat was soon taken over. Captain James Welch was in command of the boat. It was tied up because the crew was visiting nearby family.

Utilized during Gen. Nelson's Eastern Kentucky Campaign in November 1861.

Sandy Valley
Type: "Batwing" boat [side wheeler]
Built by Captain Archibald Borders of Louisa ca. 1860.
Considered one of the finest boat on the Big Sandy.
Chief pilot: Hiram Davis 1. Engineer: John W. Dillon
Commandeered by Garfield in early 1862 to carry Goverment stores up the Big Sandy to Paintsville.

Type: Steamboat
Owner/operator: John C. Moore.
Transported government freight up the Big Sandy, Dec. 15-20, 1861

Type: Steamboat
Transported government freight up the Big Sandy.
Piloted by Jordan Otey, 14th KY Infantry, in the spring of 1863.
Captured by Rebel Bill Smith, July 1864.

Burned by CS raiders


Operated in 1865.

Wild Goose
Type: River packet
Pilot: Doliver Elkins
The boat was captured and scuttled in the Big Sandy river by the Sandy Rangers under the leadership of "Rebel Bill" Smith. The packet, when captured, was carrying supplies to the Fourteenth Kentucky Union forces at Louisa, Ky.

Monday, February 8, 2010

Sherman's Boys ~ The 14th KY in the Civil War

I find it more than appropriate to post this article in honor of Major General William Tecumseh Sherman's birthday today, February 8.

Few generals have gained as much popularity and respect with their men as Sherman did. As his self-confidence grew so did the confidence of the soldiers in their commander and themselves. By the time Sherman embarked on his March to the Sea, his army appeared to be nearly invincible. One of the regiments that served under Sherman was the 14th Kentucky Infantry.

Organization of the regiment began early October 1861, at Louisa, Lawrence County, Kentucky. Only weeks prior, Kentucky had given up its status or neutrality and, by elections, decided to adhere to the Union. Almost immediately Confederate forces under Johnston, Buckner and Zollicoffer crossed into Kentucky and advanced toward Bowling Green, Somerset and Louisville. Excitement ran high across the state and rumors of all sorts were the order of the day.

In this highly charged atmosphere Sherman took over military affairs in Kentucky on October 8, 1861. The very same day he wired General "Bull" Nelson, a fervent Union supporter from Kentucky and a personal friend of Lincoln, to attack the Confederates in Eastern Kentucky. Knowing that the Kentucky troops were utterly unprepared, Sherman did not formally order the attack but left the matter to Nelson's judgment. Sherman was anxious about sufficient supplies for his troops, concerned about military strength of his command and questioned the loyalty of the young Kentuckians.

It is unfortunate that Sherman was not aware of how deep Union sentiment ran with his Kentucky troops. Despite the lack of weapons and uniforms and proper training in even the most basic military operations, federal troops from Kentucky willingly stood to defend and protect their homes, farnilies and the Union - even if it meant death. One officer from Ohio remarked, "To my agreeable surprise I find the Kentucky Union men even more determined to put down this rebellion than our Union men in Ohio. A few evenings since, two Union men belonging to the 14th KY, who were at home sick, on furlough, were dragged from their beds at the hour of midnight and brutally murdered, for no other offense, than having a love for the Union".

Almost exactly one month prior to their muster the 14th KY, together with other troops under command of General Nelson, confronted the Confederates at Ivy Mountain on November 8, 1861 and drove them out of Eastern Kentucky - at least temporarily. From December 1861 until March 1862, the 14th KY participated in the Eastern Kentucky Campaign under James A. Garfield, future president of the United States. About the 14th Ky he noted that it was composed of excellent material but because of its lack of training was hardly more than "a Union loving mob."

In April 1862, the Cumberland Gap Campaign began and the regiment was assigned to the 7th Division, Army of the Ohio, under command or General George W. Morgan. On June 18, the Gap was occupied by Morgans troops and the next two months were spent fortifying this strategic stronghold. In mid-August, the Confederate invasion into Kentucky began and the Gap was completely sunrounded. Cut off from the outside world, Morgans division was facing starvation and capture. After a council of war, Morgan decided on a daring plan to lead his troops from the Gap to the Ohio River on an almost forgotten "Indian Warrior Path", which led through the barren Kentucky mountainside.

Under cover of night, the 7th Division left the Gap and Lt. Colonel Gallup of the 14th KY., with a small party of men, fired the storage buildings, set off mines and exploded the arsenals. The Gap turned into a flaming inferno. After a 16-day march, Morgan's troops reached the Ohio River, half-naked and starved, but in good spirits and free. By now the "mob" of the 14th KY had turned into seasoned veterans, not in small part due to the able leadership of their new Colonel John Cochran, a former officer of the "Lexington Chasseurs".

From 1683 to April 1864, the 14th KY was assigned to duty at home in Eastern Kentucky. By mid-May 1864, the regiment received the call to participate in the Atlanta Campaign under their old commander General Sherman. The 14th KY was assigned to the 2nd Division, XXIII Army Corps. It was a fiery reunion. The day after their arrival in Georgia, one of the supply trains of the XXIII Army Corps, the 14th Ky had been assigned to guard, was attacked by Wheelers cavalry.

Things did not get better - the men had to face the hell at New Hope Church, endure endless rainfalls and knee-deep mud and the constantly whizzing bullets of Confederate sharpshooters which claimed the lives of men every day. The Battle at Foster's Farm on June 2, 1864 was yet another engagement in which the 14th KY performed heroically but sustained tragic losses.

Then came the Battle at Kolb's Farm on June 22, 1864, place of the famous Sherman-Hooker confrontation, which eventually led to Hookers resignation. The XXIII Army Corps was moving toward Marietta on the Powder Springs road - the 14th Ky thrown out as skirmishers - when they encountered a large body of Confederate troops massing in front of them. It was General Wood's Corps. The l4th KY was ordered to proceed forward cautiously and to hold the ground as long as possible in order to give the Union troops enough time to prepare for an attack.

After the first assault, the second regiment of skirmishers, the 123rd NY, fell back and the 14th KY, alone stood the brunt of the next attacks, refusing their left flank and stubbornly holding their ground even after being ordered twice to retire and join the main line. The general Union assault began when the regiment finally retreated.

The following morning Sherman and Hooker were inspecting the grounds where the battle had taken place and viewing the dead, mostly of the 14th KY. Colonel Gallup 14th KY, wrote,"... I lost out of 700 men, 77 killed and wounded, a large loss. The boys are brave. General Hooker, Thomas Mcpherson and Sherman complimented this regiment and says it is the best in the 23 A.C." The same day, a special order was issued by General Hascall, their division commander, complimenting the 14th KY.

It seems that from that day on the regiment was never far from Sherman. On July 18, the 14th KY was seven miles from Rossville on the Cross Keys road where it camped near Sherman's headquarters. Gallup wrote, "I have as yet seen but 2 good houses in Georgia that is in this country, one just beyond at Buck Head. Gen. Sherman has just taken possession of it for headquarters, the people having run away and left their property". Sheman moved toward Atlanta with the XXIII Army Corps and on July 20, Gallup recorded, "Yesterday was a day of much excitement. We were fighting for 3 miles back for every foot of territory that we have got. General Sherman was with our brigade and often exposed himself to fire. One of his staff had his horse killed near the General".

On the day of the Battle of Atlanta, July 22, the 14th KY was positioned directly in front of Sherman's headquarters, occupying the front line, 600-800 yards distant from the enemy's works and 1200 yards from the center of Atlanta. Again, Sherman paid the men a visit. Gallup observed that "General Sherman is along and views with calmness the scene and what we believe to be the doomed city". When General McPherson's body was brought to Sherman's headquarters after being killed in battle, the 14th KY was detailed to guard his body.

On August 26, when Sherman's grand-wheel movement was underway, Gallup noted," General Sherman and his train is now passing where we are constructing our new line of works".

After the end of the Atlanta Campaign the XXIII Army Corps camped at Decatur and then participated in the pursuit of Hood. In November 1864, the 14th KY, was ordered to Johnsonville, Tennessee, where it almost encountered Shermans nemesis "that devil Forrest", missing him only by one day, after his attack on the gunboats and federal depots at Johnsonville.

Only days before the Battle of Franklin, the 14th KY was recalled by the governor of Kentucky. It arrived at Louisa ca. November 21, where it was mustered out on January 31, 1865. The recruits and veterans of the 14th KY were organized as the 14th KY Battalion which was mustered out on September 15, 1865 at Louisville.

There is no doubt the the men were proud of their Uncle Billy. The Atlanta Campaign and their commander made an impact on their lives - it was something they never forgot and also told their children and grandchildren about, some of whom bore Sherman's name.

This article was written by Marlitta H. Perkins and first published in "Cump and Co." in 1998 and re-published in 2001 in the 14th KY Newsletter.

Saturday, February 6, 2010

A Masterful Retreat

During the Civil War, several armies passed through Owsley County, among them the Union command of Gen. George W. Morgan as it retreated from Cumberland Gap to Greenup, Kentucky in 1862. Kentucky Historical Marker # 645, located on the courthouse lawn in Booneville, titled "A Masterful Retreat", reminds passers-by in a few simple words of one of the most extraordinary events of the Civil War.

During Bragg's massive invasion of Kentucky in late summer of 1862, General George W. Morgan and his 7th Division, Army of the Ohio, ran the gauntlet of 200+ miles from Cumberland Gap by way of Manchester, Booneville, and West Liberty, following in part the "Old Warrior Path", an old forgotten trail used by the Indians, to Greenup on the Ohio River. Morgan marched his men through the barren Eastern Kentucky Mountains with barely any food and water while being harassed in his front, rear and flanks by Confederate Cavalry under John Hunt Morgan and his famed Raiders. Obstructions were overcome and the enemy bravely met whenever he offered battle.

After evacuating the Gap during the night of September 17, 1862, George W. pressed his division on to Manchester, via Cumberland Ford and Flat Lick. On September 21, after allowing his men adequate rest, Morgan left camp at the Goose Creek Salt Works near Manchester and proceeded on his way to Proctor on the Kentucky River, at which point the road to Greenup and Maysville diverged. Reaching Morris' Farm, Morgan divided his troops into two columns - Spears' and DeCourcy's Brigades took the hill road directly to Proctor while Carter's and Baird's Brigades marched via Booneville to Proctor.
By 9 p.m., the last of Morgan's column had left Manchester.

The following morning, September 22, DeCourcy's and Spears' brigades were slowly marching toward Proctor until 10 a.m. and rested until 5 p.m., when their column was set in motion again. Sometime during the march, Confederate cavalry suddenly made its appearance in the rear, capturing 9 men from the 3rd TN Infantry who had straggled off in search of something to eat. When the Confederate cavalry came on again, they were successfully repulsed by the 42nd OVI, which was guarding the rear. The column marched until 10 p.m. when the men were finally allowed to camp for the night, about 19 miles from Manchester.

Meanwhile, Baird's Brigade, with Carter's lagging behind, had proceeded from Clark's before daylight. After marching all day, the troops finally went into camp on the Red Bird Fork of the Kentucky River, in an open field and orchard, near a farm house, which was occupied by Baird and his staff. Col. Coburn of the 33rd IND Infantry took a fence-corner as his bedchamber, which the 14th KY Infantry in less than an hour "turned out to graze" by simply relieving that corner, and many others, of its fence rails. Coburn told the Kentuckians not to take away the ground and went back to sleep...but he did not get to enjoy it for long. The old farmer had a lot of geese which soon were heard squalling and flying over the camp and making more noise than would have waked Rome. Alarmed by the noise, General Baird became nervous about a string of about 30 bee-hives which flanked the path from the house to the gate-way. He sent word to Coburn to have them guarded and a sentinel was posted but no rest was to be had that night.

Only minutes later, Coburn was ordered to take the 33rd Indiana to Booneville to prevent the local mill from being destroyed by the Confederates. Word had been received that none other than John Hunt Morgan had burned the steam mill at Proctor and destroyed all the provisions in town. During the day, Morgan had arrived at Irvine, 18 miles from Proctor, with orders from Kirby Smith to assume command of all the cavalry in that section and to destroy all mills and grain in the Manchester area. Realizing that he was too late to accomplish this particular objective, he set out for Proctor instead, laying waste to mill and forage that Federal Morgan and his men so desperately needed. The possibility that he would attempt to do the same at Booneville were better than great. No time was to be lost - the honey guard was taken off immediately and the men moved out. After a forced night march, the 33rd Indiana arrived in town during the early morning hours of September 23 - the old wheels of the mill were still rattling, making "merry music to the ears of the hungry".

Coburn's march undoubtedly saved the mill at Booneville. John Hunt Morgan appeared to be near town when the Federals arrived, as his dispatch to Kirby Smith reveals, informing his commander that "the forces from Cumberland Gap passed through Booneville." Morgan also reported that he had captured several prisoners of the command who informed their captors that George W. Morgan's column was attempting to reach Maysville.

Little did Confederate Morgan realize that he had been fooled by a well-conceived plan by Federal Morgan. Before leaving Manchester, Morgan had directed Captain George M. Adams, his Division Commissary, to send an officer with an escort of 2 or 3 of Mundy's Cavalry, toward Mount Sterling, with written authority to buy whatever supplies could be found, deceiving the Confederates about his true intentions. Fully aware that they might be captured, the men set out - and the plan worked.

Upon receiving John Hunt Morgan's dispatch, Kirby Smith ordered all his available troops to concentrate at Mt. Sterling, expecting Federal Morgan's troops to pass through town on their way to Maysville. He would use Morgan's Cavalry force to slow the Federal advance long enough to collect all his forces at Mt. Sterling in a timely manner to mount an attack on Morgan.

Back in Booneville, the remainder of Baird's brigade as well as Carter's, with the wagon train and the heavy artillery, had filed into town by four o'clock in the afternoon, "a small place, though it is the Co. seat of Owsley Co.", as one member of the 49th Indiana Infantry remarked.

Accompanying Baird's and Carter's troops were about 120 men of the 4th East TN Cavalry who, upon their arrival at Booneville, paid a visit to Huram Evans and his family. Evans owned a fine horse which was promptly requisitioned. A voucher for the animal, worth $100, was issued to Evans by Maj. Luther M. Blackman, quartermaster of the unit.

While in town, the men rested up, collected supplies, and ate supper. By 9 p.m. the column resumed its march to Proctor. Soon the waning daylight made it too difficult and dangerous to proceed any further over the rough road and steep hills and orders were given to halt, with Carter's Brigade bivouacking within three miles of Proctor.

While Carter and Baird had reached Booneville, DeCourcy's Brigade had passed Burning Spring in the morning and after a march of 9 miles halted at Big Spring. Here the last rations were issued, consisting of a pound or two each of flour, sugar, and coffee for each mess. The soldiers baked some bread and cooked up some coffee before they started again at 1 o'clock in the afternoon. The column slowly wound its way to Proctor on the Kentucky River, a distance of 16 miles, having yet another encounter with Morgan's Cavalry which successfully managed to capture a small herd of beef cattle that had been driven in the rear of the column. Morgan then by-passed the Federal column and proceeded to Proctor, coolly awaiting the Federals' arrival. Finally, DeCourcy filed into town at 8 o'clock at night, nearly famished for water. John Hunt Morgan fell back to Irvine.

The following day, September 24, Morgan's two columns finally united at Proctor. Finding the mill burned by J. H. Morgan and all supplies destroyed, the command remained in town only for a few hours. Fully expecting to be attacked at this point, General Morgan threw a brigade and a battery across the KY River and carefully pondered his next move.

A decision was made quickly. Instead of turning toward Mt. Sterling, he chose to proceed on the more difficult path - through the mountains and on to Hazel Green. Once again, the Division was divided. DeCourcy and Spears were to move on the Ridge Road, which was then completely destitute of water. Carter and Baird, as well as Capt. Patterson with his sappers and miners from the Engineers Corps, plus the wagon trains and heaviest artillery, were to march on the North Fork Road, which had water but which had been greatly damaged and in parts destroyed from the torrents of the previous year. The two columns were to meet at Hazel Green, a distance of 25 miles from Proctor.

At 10 a.m., DeCourcy's brigade was the first to leave Proctor and by 3 p.m. the last of Morgan's troops filed out of town. After marching 1 1/2 miles, Carter's men came up with the train of Baird's Brigade and found the narrow road so blocked by it that he was compelled to camp there for the night.

Soon after George W. Morgan's departure for Hazel Green, John Hunt Morgan once again returned to Proctor with his cavalry to renew his pursuit of the Federal column.

Passing through Compton in the early afternoon on September 25, DeCourcy's and Spears' brigades reached Hazel Green late in the evening and camped in a meadow above the town, near the future Hazel Green Academy and set about to collect and obtain forage for the hungry soldiers.

Meanwhile, Carter's and Baird's brigades struggled on their way down the North Fork Road. Water could be found, but only in stagnant pools or climbing down 100 foot cliffs.
Due to the broken country and rough road which was considered impassable by the inhabitants of the area, the trains caused much delay. Finally, after a 10 mile march, Carter and Baird had reached the North Fork of the KY River in the late afternoon and went into camp.

The following morning, September 26, Carter and Baird were faced with more problems. Part of the road had been washed away and a new one needed to be constructed to allow safe passage. Successfully accomplishing this task, the brigades began ascending a mountain with the trains and batteries. Regiments were required to stack arms and lift wagons and guns over the more difficult parts of the ascent.

To add to the difficulties, John Hunt Morgan's Cavalry had swung around the Federals and commenced blockading every suitable point of the road in their front with felled trees and rocks. But Morgan's Raiders were no match to Patterson's Pioneers. A number of wagons were loaded with axes and shovels which were distributed among the regiments and in just a short time the obstructions were removed. Slowly, but steadily, Carter's and Baird's Brigades wound their way through the mountains and on to Hazel Green which was reached at midnight. Exhausted, the men went into bivouac.

Morgan's march to the Ohio River continued for another seven days. Passing through West Liberty and Sandy Hook, his division finally reached Grayson on October 1, despite blockaded roads and attacks by John Hunt Morgan's cavalry, as well as shortness of food stuffs - even the paw-paws had been exhausted. When the famished soldiers discovered some oak trees, the bitter acorns were picked up and devoured like delicacies.

At Grayson, a disappointed John Hunt Morgan finally gave up his pursuit, remarking, "Tis no use trying to stop that damned Yankee Morgan, for he can march over fallen trees faster than I can in good roads, and can take artillery where the devil can't go".

Finally, on October 3, Greenup and the Ohio River began looming up in the distance. The 42nd OVI unfurled their two beautiful banners and Morgan's column, the "lost Division", marched with firm and steady step into town, welcomed by hearty cheers, families lining the street, women offering food and drink to the footsore, faint and hungry men.

Thus ended one of the most daring and spectacular military actions of the Civil War to take place in Kentucky. 28 pieces of artillery were brought through the mountains, including a siege battery, plus 120 army wagons. The fact that General Morgan had accomplished this task with only a loss of 80 men, 4 wagons and none of his artillery pieces, is a credit to his abilities as a General but even more so a high tribute to the perseverance of the 10,000 men who served under his command and the ten women who participated on this march.

© 2003 by Marlitta H. Perkins

Originally published in 2003 in the South Fork Country News, newsletter of the Owsley County Historical Society, Kentucky.

Tuesday, February 2, 2010

14th KY Infantry Veterans Buried in the New Albany, Indiana National Cemetery

Throughout the years I have received numerous inquiries regarding the burial sites of the 14th KY veterans who died during their service in Eastern Kentucky. The approximate total number of the men in question is 43 but time has obscured the burial location of the majority of these men. Contrary to popular [or logical] assumption the bodies of these 43 men are not resting at home in Kentucky soil but in Indiana in the New Albany National Cemetery? Why?

When the Civil War ended in 1865, the Quartermaster Department began the enormous task of locating the burial places of the dead, exhuming bodies from distant or isolated graves and concentrating them into national cemeteries, in realization of the intent expressed by the Act of July 17, 1862, that those who gave their lives in defense of the Republic should rest forever within the guarded confines of a national cemetery.

Thousands of scattered burial places marking the sites of great battles and innumerable actions of lesser consequence appeared to impose an all but insuperable obstacle. The difficulties encountered were enormous, especially in making identifications. The military of the day apparently failed to realize not only the importance of some type of permanent identification for combat soldiers, but also the obvious need for specially trained units and personnel who could properly care for the war dead. Thus only 58% of the disinterred and reburied soldiers were identified.

The Civil War saw the QM Corps clearly established as the responsible agent for caring for the Army's dead. A joint resolution, approved April 13, 1866, authorized and required the Secretary of War to take immediate measures to preserve from desecration the graves of the soldiers of the United States who fell during the Civil War.

Despite the difficulties encountered the work went forward so rapidly between 1866 and 1870, that the Cemeterial Division had disinterred the remains of nearly 300,000 war dead and laid them to rest in 73 newly created national cemeteries. By 1873, seventy-five national cemeteries had been established, containing the graves of 170,162 known and 147,800 unknown Union soldiers.

Among the unknown dead at New Albany National Cemetery, 209 men were disinterred throughout the Big Sandy Valley who had served in Kentucky units. Potentially, 43 men may have belonged to the 14th KY Infantry:

96 soldiers buried near Ashland, KY
[no date of death, unknown unit and name]

Location in New Albany National Cemetery
Sec. A, graves # 5/ 10/ 13/ 15/ 20/ 24/ 26/ 29/ 31/ 32/ 38/ 40/ 42/ 48/ 51-53/ 54/ 56-59/ 45/ 61/ 62/ 64-72/ 74/ 75/ 78/ 77/ 79/ 80/ 83/ 84/ 86/ 87/ 91-95/ 97-100/ 103/ 104/ 106/ 107/ 109 - 110/ 112 - 122/ 124-127/ 129/ 131/ 133- 135/ 137-143/ 145/
Sec. C, graves # 875/ 880/ 882/ 883-887

14th KY soldiers who died at Ashland
Charleston Howell, Co. A
William Beverly, Co. C
James Robison, Co. C
Philip Trammel, Co. C
Marens Lemastus, Co. D
Elisha Sparks, Co. D
David Bouling, Co. E
William P. Martin, Co. F
James Lakin, Co. F
Archibald Cole, Co. F
Lewis Lawhorn, Co. F
John Totten, Co. F
Henry Tacket, Co. F
Harvey M. Adams, Co. I
George Blanton, Co. I
William R. Whitaker, Co. I
[16 total]
The majority of the men listed above died at the US General Hospital which had been established in the Aldine Hotel in Ashland in 1862.

Considering that this was a US General Hospital and that a number of forms had to be filled out upon the death of an individual it is inexplicable why no better records of interments were kept by Quartermaster officers that would have aided in identifying the dead disinterred in Ashland.

46 soldiers buried in City Cemetery, Louisa, KY
[no date of death, unknown unit and name]

Location in New Albany National Cemetery
Sec. A, graves # 170/ 172
Sec. B, graves # 961/ 968/ 994/ 995/ 997/ 998/ 999/ 1338-1341/ 1295-1302/ 1304-1306/ 1308-1311/ 1313-1315/ 1316 [a lieutenant]/ 1317/ 1319-1323/ 1325-1331/ 1333

7 soldier buried near Louisa, KY
[no date of death, unknown unit and name]

Location in New Albany National Cemetery
Sec. A, graves # 1/ 9/ 14
Sec. B, graves # 973/ 996/ 1337
Sec. C, grave # 931

14th KY soldiers who died at Louisa
Meredith Woods, Co. B
Elisha Jordan, Co. B
Hiram Jude, Co. C [identified]
James Young, Co. C
Riley Adams, Co. F
Hezekiah Wiley, Co. H
Madison Keeton, Co. I
George Austin, Co. I
Samuel H. Brown, Co. I
Daniel Gullett, Co. I [identified]
Fleming Power, Co. I
Hiram Collins, Co. K
[13 total]
Louisa was the location of yet another military hospital in the Big Sandy Valley, which was, according to tradition, supposedly housed in the First United Methodist Church in town. Although it appears that most of the dead were buried in the Louisa City Cemetery, additional burials may still be located near the church that have not been removed.
A local historian indicated to me that years ago human remains of a Union soldier were discovered during a water-line construction project in Louisa. The location suggests a possible connection to the Cain House, a brick house at the end of East Main Street [now razed], which also supposedly served as a hospital at one time during the Civil War.

21 soldiers buried at Paintsville, KY
[no date of death, unknown unit and name]

Location in New Albany National Cemetery
Sec. A, graves # 161/ 169/ 171/ 173
Sec. B, graves # 965/ 966/ 970-972/ 974-980/ 982/ 983/ 985/ 986/ 987

14th KY soldiers who died at Paintsville
Isaac Johnson, Co. B
James W. Rose Co. B
James B. Arthur, Co. C
Henry Adkins, Co. C
Ambrose Jones, Co. C
Lindsey Lambert, Co. C
Emanuel J. Hickem, Co. F
George Bruner, Co. F
John Keen, Co. F
Thomas Marshall, Co. F
Henry C. Pamer, Co. F
John Taylor, Co. H
Samuel Vermillion, Co. H
Robert P. Elam, Co. I
Jeremiah Fitch, Co. I
Solomon Quillan, Co. K
[16 total]
It is suspected that the original burial location at Paintsville may have been the Old City Cemetery, located on top of a fairly steep hill behind the Mayo Mansion property in town.

Unknown KY soldiers removed to New Albany National Cemetery from various other locations in the Big Sandy Valley:

3 soldier buried near Prestonsburg
[no date of death, unknown unit and name]

Location in New Albany National cemetery
Sec. B, graves # 958/959
Sec. C, graves # 843

11 soldiers died Dec. 18, 1864 and buried six miles from Paintsville
[unknown unit or names]

Location in New Albany National cemetery
Sec. C, graves # 844-854

20 soldiers near Piketon [Pikeville], KY
[no date of death, unknown unit and name]

Location in New Albany National cemetery
Sec. B, graves # 1335/ 924-929/ 931/ 936/ 938/ 940-945/ 947-950

5 soldiers buried on Mrs. Davidson's Farm, 16 miles from Piketon, KY on State Road
[no date of death, unknown unit and name]

Location in New Albany National cemetery
Sec. B, graves # 952-956

Only five 14th KY soldiers who were removed to New Albany National Cemetery were positively identified:
William Caven, Pvt. Co. C; died ? (*); originally buried 20 miles from Louisa, on river.
Now: New Albany National Cemetery, Sec. B, grave # 990
(*) Date of death can not be established in AGR or CSR.
He is listed in AGR as mustered out with his company Jan. 31, 1865 at Louisa, KY.

Daniel Gullet, Pvt. Co. I; d. Feb. 24, 1863; originally buried City Cemetery, Louisa, KY.
Roll of Honor Record: New Albany National Cemetery, Sec. B, grave # 1332

Hiram Jude, Pvt. Co. C; d. June 24, 1865; originally buried City Cemetery, Louisa, KY;
Now: New Albany National Cemetery, Sec. B grave # 964
U.S. Department of Veteran's Affairs Database: Jude, Heram, d. 06/24/1865, PVT C 14 HY INF, Plot: 1217

Lewis Swekett (*), Pvt. Co. E; d. Oct. 18, 1864; originally buried in the Soldiers' Cemetery, Jeffersonville, Ind.

Roll of Honor Record: New Albany National Cemetery, Sec. B, grave # 91
(*) Possibly Lewis Tackett, recruit, enrolled May 26, 1863 and mustered in Oct. 29, 1863, later transf. to 14th KY VVI. Not to be confused with Lewis Tackett, enr. Oct. 15, 1861 - Jan. 31, 1865, same Co.

One additional man, Richard Williams, listed in the above named database and on the Roll of Honor, was identified as Pvt. Co. C, 14th KY Infantry. He was originally buried in the Soldiers' Cemetery, Jeffersonville, Ind.
This is most likely Richard C. Williamson, Pvt. Co. C, 14th KY, who died of disease [phthisis pulmonalis], on Nov. 20/24, 1864, at Hospital # 6, New Albany, IND;
Roll of Honor Record: New Albany National Cemetery, Sec. B, grave # 1148
U.S. Department of Veteran's Affairs Database: Williams, Richard, PVT C 14 KY INF, Plot: 1401

It may be noted that of these five 14th KY soldiers, only Hiram Jude [listed as Heram Jude] and Richard C. Williamson [Richard Williams] appear in the current U.S. Department of Veteran's Affairs Database.

The New Albany National Cemetery, established in 1862, is located about one and one-half miles north-east of the town.

New Albany National Cemetery
1943 Ekin Avenue
New Albany, Indiana 47150

Information for this article obtained from:

Adjutant General's Report of the State of Kentucky [AGR]

Roll of Honor

14th KY Compiled Service Records [CSR]

New Albany National Cemetery website [incl. map] with records of burials provided by U.S. Department of Veteran's Affairs Database [searchable]

Article researched and written by:
Marlitta H. Perkins us14thky@hotmail.com